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新冠病毒与食品安全

 时间:2020-03-04 13:55:37    
1、美国食品与药品监督管理局(FDA)
 
FDA在2020年2月27日发布的“新冠病毒与供应链”文章中指出,目前没有任何报告显示新冠病毒会通过病毒传播。但为保证食品安全,任何时候,在准备和烹调食物时都应遵循食品安全五要点。
 
We are not aware of any reports at this time of human illnesses that suggest COVID-19 can be transmitted by food or food packaging. However, it is always important to follow good hygiene practices (i.e., wash hands and surfaces often, separate raw meat from other foods, cook to the right temperature, and refrigerate foods promptly) when handling or preparing foods.
 
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-supply-chain-update
 
 
2、美国疾控中心(CDC)
 
美国CDC关于新冠病毒问答中指出,目前没有证据显示动物制品会传播新冠病毒。
 
CDC does not have any evidence to suggest that animals or animal products imported from China pose a risk for spreading COVID-19 in the United States.
 
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html
 
 
3、加拿大政府网
 
加拿大关于新冠病毒常见问题解答中指出,新冠病毒在物体表面存活率很低。最关键的防护措施是勤洗手、避免没洗手就接触口鼻等。
 
14. Is there a risk of contracting COVID-19 if I touch a surface that was potentially contaminated?
In general, coronaviruses have poor survivability on surfaces, and are generally thought to be spread by respiratory droplets left behind after someone coughs or sneezes.
 
For COVID-19, researchers are actively investigating to learn more about the ways that COVID-19 is transmitted.
 
In the meantime, the best way to prevent respiratory and other illnesses is to:
 
avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth;
consistently use good hand hygiene measures, which include frequent handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available;
maintain good respiratory etiquette, such as covering your mouth and nose with your arm or sleeve when coughing and sneezing, disposing of any used tissues as soon as possible, and following with handwashing or use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers where soap and water are not available;
regularly clean and disinfect surfaces that people touch frequently such as toilets, bedside tables, doorknobs, phones and television remotes with regular household cleaners or diluted bleach (1 part bleach to 9 parts water).
 
https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/frequently-asked-questions.html
 
 
4、欧盟疾控中心(ECDC)
 
欧盟ECDC对新冠病毒问答指出,目前没有证据显示新冠病毒会通过食物传播。
 
There has been no report of transmission of the COVID-19 via food and therefore there is no evidence that food items imported into the European Union in accordance with the applicable animal and public health regulations governing imports from China pose a risk for the health of EU citizens in relation to COVID-19. The main mode of transmission is from one person to another
 
https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china/questions-answers
 
 
5、澳新食品标准局(FSANZ)
 
澳新食品标准局在关于新冠病毒与食品按照的专题问答中指出,无证据显示会通过食物传播。日常操作需注意食品安全五要点。
 
Can the virus be transmitted through food?
Previous experience with outbreaks of illness due to MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV and other respiratory viruses (e.g. avian influenza) suggest that novel coronavirus may have been transmitted from animals to humans.
 
Transmission through food is unlikely and there is no evidence of this occurring with novel coronavirus to date, however investigations to identify the source of the outbreak, the extent of spread of the infection, and mode(s) of transmission are continuing.
 
https://www.foodstandards.gov.au/consumer/safety/Pages/NOVEL-CORONAVIRUS-AND-FOOD-SAFETY.aspx
 
 
6、爱尔兰食品安全局(FSAI)
 
爱尔兰食品安全局(FSAI)在新冠病毒专题问答中指出,新冠病毒在食物中无法生长,目前无证据显示食物会传播新冠病毒。
 
Can the virus be passed on through food?
Experience with SARS and MERS suggest that people are not infected with the virus through food. So, it is unlikely the virus is passed on through food and there is no evidence yet of this happening with COVID-19 (coronavirus) to date.
 
Coronaviruses need a host (animal or human) to grow in and cannot grow in food. Thorough cooking is expected to kill the virus because we know that a heat treatment of at least 30min at 60ºC is effective with SARS.
 
https://www.fsai.ie/faq/coronavirus.html
 
 

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